3: Directive Principles of State Policy
Part 3 consisted of articles 23 to 31.
It described the principles of state policy. The principles of policy
were not enforcable through law. This was also a tradition followed
by the successor constitutions.
Part 3: Directive Principles of State Policy
(1) In this Part, unless the context
otherwise requires "the State" has the same meaning as
in Part II.
(2) The State shall be guided in the
formulation of its policies by the provisions of this Part, but
such provisions shall not be enforceable in any court.
The State shall endeavour to strengthen
the bonds of unity among Muslim countries, to promote international
peace and security, to foster goodwill and friendly relations among
all nations, and to encourage the settlement of international disputes
by peaceful means.
(1) Steps shall be taken to enable
the Muslims of Pakistan individually and collectively to order their
lives in accordance with the Holy Quran and Sunnah.
(2) The State shall endeavour, as respects
the Muslims of Pakistan,-
(a) to provide facilities whereby they
may be enabled to understand the meaning of life according to
the Holy Quran and Sunnah;
(b) to make the teaching of the Holy
(c) to promote unity and the observance
of Islamic moral standards; and
(d) to secure the proper organization
of zakat, wakfs and mosques.
The State shall discourage parochial,
racial, tribal, sectarian and provincial prejudices among the citizens.
The State shall safeguard the legitimate
rights and interests of the minorities, including their due representation
in the Federal and Provincial Services.
The State shall endeavour to -
(a) promote, with special care, the
educational and economic interests of the people of the Special
Areas, the backward classes and the Scheduled Castes;
(b) remove illiteracy, and provide
free and compulsory primary education within the minimum possible
(c) make provision for securing just
and humane conditions of work, ensuring that children and women
are not employed in a vocations unsuited to their age and sex,
and for maternity benefits for women in employment;
(d) enable the people of different
areas, through education, training and industrial development,
to participate fully in all forms of national activities, including
employment in the service of Pakistan;
(e) prevent prostitution, gambling
and the taking of injurious drugs; and
(f) prevent the consumption of alcoholic
liquor otherwise than for medicinal and, in the case of non-Muslims,
The State shall endeavour to -
(a) secure the well-being of the people,
irrespective of caste, creed, or race, by raising the standard
of living of the common man, by preventing the concentration of
wealth and means of production and distribution in the hands of
a few to the detriment of the interest of the common man, and
by ensuring equitable adjustment of rights between employers and
employees, and tenants;
(b) provide for all citizens, within
the available resources of the country, facilities for work and
adequate livelihood with reasonable rest and leisure;
(c) provide for all persons in the
service of Pakistan and private concerns social security by means
of compulsory social insurance or otherwise;
(d) provide basic necessities of life,
such as food, clothing, housing, education and medical relief,
for all such citizens, irrespective of caste, creed or race, as
are permanently or temporarily unable to earn their livelihood
on account of infirmity, sickness or unemployment;
(e) reduce disparity, to a reasonable
limit, in the emoluments of persons in the various classes of
service of Pakistan; and
(f) eliminate riba as early as possible.
The State shall separate the Judiciary
from the Executive as soon as practicable.
(1) Endeavour shall be made by
the State to enable people from all parts of Pakistan to participate
in the Defence Services of the country.
(2) Steps shall be taken to achieve parity
in the representation of East Pakistan and West Pakistan in all
other spheres of Federal administration.
Source: Documents and Speeches on the Constitution
By G. W. Choudhury (1967). Green Book House, Dacca (East Pakistan)
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