The government has become the enemy of
The inefficiency of the governments
has led to the rise of NGOs.
The role played by the NGOs is
directly related to the type of government you have in a society.
Nitai Mehta pointed out that the civil society had always existed in these regions
even though it was developed on modern lines primarily through the British education in
the last century.
Before independence, India contributed 2% to world economy which has now been reduced
to 0.5%. The founding fathers of India were aware of the role of the civil society but the
governments that followed them were inefficient and devised wrong policies. Instead of
learning any lessons from their own mistakes they vested their interest in pursuance of
such wrong policies so that eventually the state assumed the role of a super-employer, and
Today, we can see the governments enacting laws that they do not have the power to
implement, such as the laws against caste prejudice. In fact such matters require much
more than enacting laws but the governments are incapable of doing all those things. As a
result a huge number of NGOs (around 80,000) has come up to provide people what the
In a developed country the role of the NGO is to aid the government and not to replace
it. Whereas in our societies NGOs are taking over to do jobs that should actually the
governments should have been doing. For instance, in Bombay, the failure of the judicial
system to provide justice has led to cases where people have taken help from the so-called
NGOs to get back their money through extortion. Another example is the caste-armies in
Bihar formed to save people of certain caste a job that should have best been done
by the government.
Mr. Mehta observed that it is imperative for the NGOs to add one extra item on their
agendas: to develop a stable civil society. In such a society the NGOs would be left only
with the role they should actually be doing in a developed country: to be the watch-dogs
for the society.