Statements of Quaid-i-Azam about
cherished memory of our National Poet Iqbal, I pay my homage
on this day, which is being celebrated in commemoration of
that great poet, sage, philosopher and thinker..."
- Calcutta, April 21, 1938 (message)
- Calcutta, April 21, 1938 (speech)
- Patna, December 26, 1938
- Lahore, March 23, 1940
- Lahore, March 25, 1940
- Lahore, March 3, 1941
- Hyderabad Deccan, August 9, 1941
- Lahore, March 20, 1943
- Karachi, June 20, 1943
- Lahore, New Delhi, December 8, 1944
- New Delhi, March 30, 1946
Message of condolence on the
death of Sir Muhammad Iqbal, Calcutta, April 21, 1938
Star of India, April 22, 1938
Mr. M. A. Jinnah issued the following condolence message
on the death of Allama Iqbal:
I am extremely sorry to hear the sad news of the
death of Sir Muhammad Iqbal. He was a remarkable poet of world
wide fame and his work will live for ever. His services to his
country and the Muslims are so numerous that his record can be
compared with that of the greatest Indian that ever lived. He
was an ex-President of the All-India Muslim League and a President
of the Provincial Muslim League of the Punjab till the very recent
time when his unforeseen illness compelled him to resign. But
he was the staunchest and the most loyal champion of the policy
and programme of the All-India Muslim League.
To me he was a friend, guide and philosopher and
during the darkest moments through which the Muslim League had
to go, he stood like a rock and never flinched one single moment
and as a result just only three days ago he must have read of
been informed of the complete unity that was achieved in Calcutta
of the Muslim leaders of the Punjab and today I can say with pride
that the Muslims of Punjab are wholeheartedly with the League
and have come under the flag of the All-India Muslim League, which
must have been a matter of greatest satisfaction to him. In the
achievement of this unity Sir Muhammad Iqbal played a most signal
part. My sincerest and deepest sympathy go out to his family at
this moment in their bereavement in losing him, and it is a terrible
loss to India and the Muslims particularly at this juncture.
Reported Speech at a public
meeting to mourn the death of Allama Iqbal, Calcutta, April 21,
Star of India, April 22, 1938
Mr. M. A. Jinnah said that the sorrowful news of the
death of Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal had plunged the world of Islam in
gloom mourning. Sir Iqbal was undoubtedly one of the greatest poets,
philosophers and seers of humanity of all times. He took a prominent
part in the politics of the country and in the intellectual and
cultural reconstruction of the Islamic world. His contribution to
the literature and thought of the world will live for ever.
"To me he was a personal friend, philosopher
and guide and as such the main source of my inspiration and spiritual
support. While he was ailing in his bed it was he who as the President
of the Punjab Provincial Muslim League, stood single-handed as
a rock in the darkest days in the Punjab by the side of the League
banner, undaunted by the opposition of the whole world. When on
account of his serious illness he was confined to bed, he resigned
the post of the Presidentship of the Punjab League but was instead
elected its Patron. He still continued to guide the work of the
Punjab League from his bed and had somebody to reply to all letters
concerning the League. It would have been a matter of great satisfaction
for him to hear the news with great delight that the Bengal and
Punjab Muslims were absolutely united on the sommon platform of
the All-India Muslim League. In that achievement the unseen contribution
of Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal was the greatest. No greater blow has
struck the Muslims at this juncture."
Presidential Address, 26th
Annual Session of the All-India Muslim League, Patna, December 26,
Statements and Messages of the Quaid-e-Azam, Vol.II, p.906
Quaid-i-Azam made the following comments extempore
during his presidential address:
Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal's death is an irrepairable
loss to Muslim India. He was a personal friend of mine and composer
of the finest poetry in the world. He will live as long as Islam
will live. His noble poetry interprets the true aspirations of
the Muslims of India. It will remain an inspiration for us and
for generations after us."
Comment made after the passage
of Lahore Resolution, March 23, 1940
Creator of Pakistan by Hector Bolitho (London, 1954), p.129
Sometime after this meeting, Jinnah turned to Matlub
Saiyid, who had been present at the Lahore session, and said:
Iqbal is no more amongst us, but had he been alive
he would have been happy to know that we did exactly what he wanted
us to do.
Reported presidential speech
in Iqbal Day meeting, Lahore, March 25, 1940
Civil & Military Gazette, March 26, 1940
If I live to see ideal of a Muslim State being achieved
in India and I were then offered to make a choice between the
works of Iqbal and the rulership of the Muslim state, I would
prefer the former.
This view was expressed by Mr. M. A. Jinnah presiding
over the second session of the "Iqbal Day" held in the
University Hall, Lahore.
Continuing, Mr. Jinnah said that in April 1936, he
thought of transforming the Muslim League, which was then only an
academical institution, into a parliament of the Muslims of India.
From that time to the end of his life, he continued, Iqbal stood
like a rock by him.
Iqbal, Mr. Jinnah said, was not only a great poet
who had a permanent place in the history of the world's best literature,
he was a dynamic personality who, during his life time, made the
greatest contribution towards rousing and developing of Muslim national
consciousness. He compared Iqbal with great literary figures of
England like Milton and Shelley.
Reported speech in Iqbal Day
meeting, Lahore, March 3, 1941
Civil & Military Gazette, March 4, 1941
Iqbal was described by various speakers not only as
one of the greatest poets of the world, but also a political prophet
who first visualised the ideal of a separate Muslim State in India,
at the celebrations in connection with the Iqbal Day held in the
University Hall, Lahore, under the auspices of the University Union.
Paying his tribute to the memory of the poet, Mr.
M. A. Jinnah said:
The message of Iqbal has reached the farthest corners
of the world. He was the greatest interpreter of Islam in modern
"I have had the privelege and opportunity,"
he added, "of being associated with him. I have never found
a more true and more loyal colleague than him."
Mr. Jinnah exhorted Muslim youth to understand the
spirit of Iqbal's message. This, he said, would show them their
goal. "Iqbal is goig to live for ever. The coming generations
will look upon him as the greatest benefactors of Muslims."
Letter sent on Iqbal Day, Hyderabad
(Deccan), August 9, 1941
included in Discourses of Iqbal by Shahid Hussain Razzaqi
(1979/2003), Iqbal Academy Pakistan, Lahore
State Guest House
9th August 1941
Every great movement has a philosopher
and Iqbal was the philosopher of the National Renaissance of Muslim
India. He in his works has left an exhaustive and most valuable
legacy behind him and a message not only for the Musalmans but
for all other nations of the world.
Iqbal was a poet who inspired Muslims
with the spirit and determination to restore to Islam its former
glory and although he is no more with us, his memory will grow
younger and younger with the progress and development of Muslim
His works should therefore, be read
and digested by every Musalman to create solidarity, and we should
all try to organise the Muslims throughout India economically,
educationally, socially and politically.
M. A. Jinnah
Shahid Hussain Razzaqi, Esq,
Gulberga - Deccan
Message on Iqbal Day, Lahore,
March 20, 1943
Dawn, March 21, 1943
The following message has been issued by Mr. M. A.
Jinnah on the occasion of celebration of Iqbal Day:
"Dare and Live" is Iqbal's message. Optimism,
industry, faith, self-confidence and courage are the principles
on which Iqbal bases his philosophy and which he believes are
the essential factors for the purification of human soul and for
the elevation of human character. The obstacles and setbacks in
life, according to him, make the life worth living. The sacrifices
and losses, made and incurred in the service of a right cause
nd for noble principles elevates a nation and makes life more
glorious and worth living.
Iqbal never believed in failure. he believed in
the superiority of mankind over all the rest that God created.
In fact he was convinced that man is a collection of all that
is best in God's universe. Only man does not know himself. Man
has but to utilize his great potentialities and to use them in
the right direction for the realization of that "self"
which finds itself so near to God; and Islam is the code which
has prescribed easy ways and means for that realization.
Iqbal was not only a philosopher but also a practical
politician. He was one of the first to conceive of the feasibility
of the division of India on national lines as the only solution
of India's political problem. He was one of the most powerful
though tacit precursors and heralds of the modern political evolution
of Muslim India.
Iqbal, therefore, rises above the average philosopher,
as the essence of his teachings is a beautiful blend of thought
and action. He combines in himself the idealism of a poet and
the realism of a man who took practical view of things. In Iqbal
this compromise is essentially Islamic. In fact it is nothing
but Islam. His ideal therefore is life according to the teachings
of Islam with a motto "Dare and Live."
I wholeheartedly associate myself with the efforts
of the Iqbal Day Committee in celebrating the Poet's Day on his
birthday and I hope and pray that every one of us may be able
to live up to the ideals Iqbal preached by his beautiful national
poems and which have now embedded the doctrine of Pakistan into
the heart and soul of Muslim India which is now burning very brightly,
never to be extinguished.
Reported message to the Frontier
Muslim Students Federation on Iqbal Day, Karachi, June 20, 1943
Morning News, June 24, 1943
"It is a source of great encouragement to me
that our people in your province have started to organize themselves.
Strengthening yourself, really speaking, means strengthening borders
of Pakistan, a thing which will enable us to achieve our goal and
thus maintain our freedom, honor, prestige and glory of Islam for
which we are now fighting," says Mr. M. A. Jinnah in the course
of a message to the Frontier Muslim Students' Federation under whose
auspices the Iqbal Day was celebrated.
Message on Iqbal Day being
celebrated at Lahore, New Delhi, December 8, 1944
Dawn, December 11, 1944
To the cherished memory of our National Poet Iqbal,
I pay my homage on this day, which is being celebrated in commemoration
of that great poet, sage, philosopher and thinker, and I pray
to God Almighty that his soul may rest in eternal peace. Amen!
Though he is not amongst us, his verse, immortal
as it is, is always there to guide us and to inspire us. His poetry,
besides being beautiful in form and sweet in language, presents
to us a picture of the mind and heart of this great poet, and
we find how deeply he was devoted to the teachings of Islam. He
was a true and faithful follower of the Holy Prophet (peace be
upon him), a Muslim first and a Muslim last. He was the interpreter
and voice of Islam.
Iqbal was not merely a preacher and philosopher.
He stood for courage and action, perseverance and self-reliance,
and above all faith in God and devotion to Islam. In his person
were combined the idealism of the poet and the realism of the
man who takes a practical view of things. Faith in God and unceasing
and untiring action is the essence of his message. And in this
he emerges truly Islam. He had an unflinching faith in Islamic
principles, and success in life meant to him the realization of
one's "self", and to achieve this end the only means
was to follow the teachings of Islam. His message to himanity
is action and realization of one's self.
Although a great poet and philosopher he was no
less a practical politician. With his firm conviction and faith
in the ideals of Islam, he was one of the few who originally thought
over the feasibility of carving out of India such an Islamic state
in the North-West and North-East Zones which are historical homelands
I wholeheartedly associate myself with the celebrations
of this "Iqbal Day", and pray that we may live up to
the ideals preached by our National Poet so that we may be able
to achieve and give a practical shape to these ideals in our sovereign
state of Pakistan when established.
Message on Iqbal Day, New Delhi,
March 30, 1946
Dawn, March 31, 1946
Iqbal voiced the ideals and aspirations of Muslim
India. He made great contribution by his poems and prose to the
political awakening and stirring up of the soul of Muslims of
India. I wish the Iqbal Day every success.
As Visualized by Iqbal and Jinah. Selected and Compiled
by Prof. Dr. G. H. Zulfiqar
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