of Surrender, 1971
1971, Pakistan and India fought their third war. The Pakistan army
was routed in the East Pakistan, which subsequently attained independence
as Bangaldesh. The following is the text of the Instrument of Surrender
signed between Lt. Gen. Jagjit Singh Aurora (India) and Lt. Gen.
Amir Abdullah Khan Nizai (Pakistan) at Dacca on 16 August 1971.
Through this document, the Pakistani commander handed over the territory
of East Pakistan and his soldiers (some 90,000) to his Indian counterpart.
(Note: The large caps of the original text have been retained in
this typed version).
Instrument of Surrender
Signed on December 16, 1971
The PAKISTAN Eastern Command agree to surrender all
PAKISTAN Armed Forces in BANGLA DESH to Lieutenant-General Jagjit
Singh Aurora, General Officer Commanding of the Indian and BANGLA
DESHI forces in the Eastern Theatre. This surrender includes all
PAKISTAN land, air and naval forces as also all para-military forces
and civil armed forces. These forces will lay down their arms and
surrender at the places where they are currently located to the
nearest regular troops under the command of Lieutenant-General JAGJIT
The PAKISTAN Eastern Command shall come under the
orders of Lieutenant-General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA as soon as this
instrument has been signed. Disobedience of orders will be regarded
as a breach of the surrender terms and will be dealt with in accordance
with the accepted laws and usage of war. The decision of Lieutenant-General
JAGJIT SINGH AURORA will be final, should any doubt arise as to
the meaning or interpretation of the surrender terms.
Lieutenant-General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA gives a solemn
assurance that personnel who surrender shall be treated with dignity
and respect that soldiers are entitled to in accordance with the
provisions of the GENEVA Convention and guarantees the safety and
well-being of all PAKISTAN military and para-military forces who
surrender. Protection will be provided to foreign nationals, ethnic
minorities and personnel of WEST PAKISTAN origin by the forces under
the command of Lieutenant-General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA.
(JAGJIT SINGH AURORA)
General Officer Commanding in Chief
Indian and BANGLA DESH Forces in the
(AMIR ABDULLAH KHAN NIAZI)
Martial Law Administrator Zone
Commander Eastern Command (PAKISTAN)
Source: Newsline, September 2000 (Karachi)
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