Mirza's letter to Nazimuddin
movement against the Ahmedies (considered to be a heretic sect)
reached a full swing in the early 1950's. Mirza Zafrullah Khan,
one of the finest Pakistani diplomats but also an Ahmedi, was a
common target of angry rhetoric, and the Government was severly
criticized for not persecuting the heretics. This "top secret"
letter was written by the Secretary of Defense Iskander Mirza (later
President) to the Prime Minister Nazimuddin a little before the
army action became necessary.
Top Secret; Personal
Ministry of Defence
26th February 1953
My Dear Prime Minister,
After considerable heart-searching, I have come
to the conclusion that it is my duty to give you my views for what
they are worth, on the present condition of the country and the
rapidly deteriorating situation.
1. The problems created by your personal enemies
including the Mullahs, if not dealt with firmly and now,
will destroy the administration and the country. Lately I have been
sending my own intelligence men to meetings, etc. in Karachi - the
abuses hurled on you and the government are of such a violent and
offensive nature that the prestige of the Government in Karachi
to-day is at its lowest ebb. What the feeling is in the capital
to-day will be the feeling in the whole country tomorrow. Such a
thing as loyalty and teamwork does not exist in your Government,
both in the Centre and in the Provinces. By want of action and Government
directive, encouragement is being given to all disloyal elements
and selfish and dishonest careerists.
2. Though I am not a very religious man, I have
the greatest respect for your religious beliefs and realize your
hesitation and dislike for vigorous action against those persons
who are working against you in the garb of religion. But is it religious
to destroy the very foundation of the administration of the premier
Muslim state? In Cairo, Sir Zafrullah Khan is being received with
the utmost honour and respect. He is also meeting the heads of all
the Arab countries where he has a very high reputation. Whereas
in Karachi he is being abused in public meetings and his photographs
are being spat upon. Last night he has been cartooned with a Donkey's
body. Can anybody say all this is not being reported to all foreign
capitals? What then is the position of Pakistan today internationally?
And you can imagine the disgust created by all this.
3. There is a school of thought which believes
in masterly inactivity. This school harps ad nauseam on our economic
situation, on the dangers of a wholesale uprising, the food crisis,
etc., etc. No administration can exist on the basis of fear, specially
if it has got to rule Muslims.
4. Don't think for a moment that you have no
friends. There are people who will stand by you till the last. I
guarantee the Armed Forces will carry out any directive you may
choose to give. For God's sake become a courageous leader and take
decisive action. Once you do this, the whole country, with the exception
of rascals, will rally round you, and the prestige of Pakistan will
go up. The country will be saved.
The Hon'ble Alhaj Khawaja Nazimuddin,
Prime Minister of Pakistan,
Source: Humayun Mirza From Plassey to Pakistan
- the family history of Iskander Mirza, the first President of
Pakistan. Ferozsons, 2000 Lahore (Pakistan)
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