The following resolution embodies the All-India
Muslim League's demand for the partition of India. It was passed
the annual session held at Lahore from March 22 to 24, 1940 and
was initially called the "Lahore Resolution" while the
now popular label "Pakistan Resolution" was tagged on
it mainly by the pro-Congress newspapers (the name "Pakistan"
does not appear anywhere in the text). Consequently, 23rd March
is celebrated in Pakistan as the Pakistan Day.
Note: In many popular versions the third paragraph
stands alone as the "Pakistan Resolution."
1. While approving and endorsing the action taken
by the Council and the Working Committee of the All-India Muslim
League, as indicated in their resolutions dated the 27th of August,
17th and 18th of September and 22nd of October, 1939, and 3rd of
February 1940, on the constitutional issue, this session of the
All-India Muslim League emphatically reiterates that the scheme
of Federation embodied in the Government of India Act, 1935 is totally
unsuited to, and unworkable in the peculiar conditions of this country
and is altogether unacceptable to Muslim India.
2. It further records its emphatic view that while
the declaration dated the 18th of October, 1939, made by the Viceroy
on behalf of His Majesty's Government is reassuring in so far as
it declares that the policy and plan on which the Government of
India Act, 1935 is based will be reconsidered in consultation with
the various parties, interests and communities in India, Muslim
India will not be satisfied unless the whole constitutional plan
is reconsidered de novo and that no revised plan would be acceptable
to the Muslims unless it is framed with their approval and consent.
3. Resolved that it is the considered view of this
session of the All-India Muslim League that no constitutional plan
would be workable in this country or acceptable to Muslims unless
it is designed on the following basic principle, namely, that geographically
contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so
constituted, with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary,
that the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in a majority,
as in the North-Western and Eastern Zones of India, should be grouped
to constitute 'Independent States' in which the constituent units
shall be autonomous and sovereign.
That adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards
should be specifically provided in the constitution for minorities
in these units and in these regions for the protection of their
religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other
rights and interests in consultation with them; and in other parts
of India where Mussalmans are in a minority, adequate, effective
and mandatory safeguard shall be specially provided in the constitution
for them and other minorities for the protection of their religious,
cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights and
interests in consultation with them.
This session further authorises the Working Committee
to frame a scheme of constitution in accordance with these basic
principles, providing for the assumption finally by the respective
regions of all powers such as defence, external affairs, communications,
customs and such other matters as may be necessary.
Source: Struggle for Independence (1958).
Pakistan Publications, Karachi
Back to Top
Search the Republic of Rumi